BAZARUTO ARCHIPELAGO NATIONAL PARK




Flora of the Bazaruto Archipelago National Park!

1. Savannah Prairie
2. Herbaceous vegetation of the Marshes
3. Perennial Bush of Dunes
4. Vegetation of the Secondary Dunes
5. Brenha de Matagal
6. Bush of the Marshes; Forest of Dialium schlecthteri and Julbernadia
7. Bush at the Base of the Dunes
8. Pioneer vegetation in the Primary Dunes
9. Mangroves
10. Vegetation of salt flats
11. Sand Beaches and Dunes
12. Interior Ponds

. Three ecosystems are considered important in this area under the BAP: Wetlands, Dunes and Savannas.
According to Dias (2005), seagrass carpets cover about 88 Km2 of inter-tidal zones and sub-tides to depth of 5m. Although seagrass can occur to depths of 10 m, their extent to that depth has not been quantified. In addition, several areas have not been studied, especially in the Benguérua and Magaruque Islands, which suggests that the extension of the seagrass beds in the BANP is greater than 88 Km2.
Of coral reefs, in terms of distribution and biodiversity, the area they occupy is not known in the BANP, but there is basic information about their distribution. These occur mainly on the eastern shore of Bazaruto Island (from the northern tip to the reef "Two mile reef", some reefs occur within Bazaruto Bay). Outside the boundaries of the BAP, a large number of reefs occur (North and West Zone), which are important for fishing activity. Schleyer and Celliers (2005) listed 29 species of soft corals, 99 species of hard corals and 2 of corals of fire (Appendices). Of these, the Acroporidae families (26 species, 18 of the genus Acropora), Alcyoniidae (23 species), Faviidae (21 species) and Poritidae (10 species) are highlighted in terms of diversity. Nine species of seagrass were identified in the area (Mafambissa, 2002; Dias, 2005; Findlay et al., 2006), namely: Thalassondendron ciliatum, Cymodocea rotundata, Cymodocea serrulata, Thalassia hemprinchii, Syringodium isoetifolium Halodule uninervis, Halodule wrightii (family Cymodoceaceae ), Halophila ovalis (Hydrocharitaceae) and Nanozostera capensis (Zosteraceae)